Holocaust Survivors: Today, anywhere from 195,000 to 5 people remain. There is plenty of opportunity for error. first issue stems from the sheer size of the task; 12 million people daed in the Holocaust, and many more were released before dying, perhaps in the millions. This means that hunting down that many people to see if they are alive or dead is a difficult task.
Second, they are quite old. Curt Lowens and Robert Clary, both 90, are presumably the oldest survivors, having been born in March and November of 1926 and 1925, respectively. The vast majority of Holocaust survivors are believed to have died of old age by this year, with Roman Polanski, at 82, being the youngest known survivor.
Third, it is difficult to define Holocaust survivors. Do you prefer a specific ethnicity, religion, or sexual orientation? What about those who escaped the ghetto but not the concentration camps?
Artists, painters, and photographer
|Country of Origin
|July 28, 1929 (94)
|August 12, 1933 (90)
|April 6, 1936 (87)
|May 31, 1928 (95)
The term “Holocaust” comes from Ancient Greek and means “totally incinerated” in translation. In Judaism and Hebrew, one might also pronounce “Shoah,” which signifies “great unholiness.” Whereas the term Holocaust was previously applied to rites of sacrifice and other genocides, it is now mostly applied to the 5-6-6-3 million Jews who were systematically slaughtered in Germany during National Socialism. The term Porajmos is sometimes used to describe the genocide of the Romani people. However, when we talk about the Holocaust, we usually mean the genocide of the Jewish people.
This is the prism through which we will examine the Holocaust. To grasp the truth, we must investigate the origins of antisemitism inside the National Socialist party.
The timeline below traces the Holocaust from post-World War I antisemitic stirrings to the full-fledged seismic disaster that it became.
|September 16, 1919
|Adolf Hitler issued his first comment on the so-called Jewish Question.
|February 24, 1920
|Nazis release their party platform, including Hitler’s 25-point plan.
|November 9, 1923
|Hitler engineers the Munich Beer Hall Putsch
|January 30, 1933
|Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor
|February 28, 1933
|Based on the Reichstag fire, constitutional protections were put on hold in Germany.
|April 7, 1933
|Law for the Professional Civil Service Restoration bans Jews from civil service jobs.
|August 19, 1934
|Hitler becomes dictator after abolishing the office of President following Hindenburg’s death.
|September 15, 1935
|The Nuremberg Race Laws had immediate effects on Jews in Germany.
|March 11, 1938
|Germany annexed Austria (the Anschluss)
|March 1, 1942
|German regime established the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp.
|July 23, 1942
|SS began gas chamber operation at Treblinka
|January 27, 1945
|Soviets liberated Auschwitz
|February 4, 1945
|Yalta conference took place
|April 30, 1945
|Hitler committed suicide
|May 7, 1945
In summary, understanding the Holocaust’s vast impact is challenging due to the scale of the tragedy and the advanced age of the remaining survivors, estimated to be between 195,000 and 5 people. The difficulty in verifying their status arises from the extensive loss of life during the Holocaust and the diverse circumstances survivors faced, complicating a precise definition of who qualifies. Reflecting on the term “Holocaust,” its origins, and its historical timeline provides crucial context for comprehending the devastating genocide of 5-6 million Jews during the National Socialist regime in Germany. The Holocaust’s horrifying chronology, marked by Hitler’s rise to power, discriminatory laws, and extermination camps, underscores the necessity of preserving its memory to prevent such atrocities from recurring in human history.
What is the estimated number of Holocaust survivors today?
Due to the magnitude of the disaster and the survivors’ senior age, the estimated number of Holocaust survivors today fluctuates from 195,000 to 5 people.
Why is it difficult to determine the exact number of Holocaust survivors?
The difficulty in determining the precise number of Holocaust survivors stems from the huge loss of life during the Holocaust, the diverse situations survivors encountered, and the difficulty in defining someone qualifies as a survivor.
What does the term “Holocaust” mean and how is it related to the genocide of the Jewish people?
The term “Holocaust” comes from Greek and means “totally incinerated.” In the context of Jewish genocide, it refers to the methodical massacre of 5-6 million Jews during Germany’s National Socialist rule.
Can you provide a brief timeline of significant events related to the Holocaust?
The Holocaust timeline begins in 1919 with Adolf Hitler’s early remarks on the so-called Jewish Question and spans major events leading to Hitler’s rise to power, discriminatory laws, the building of extermination camps, and the eventual liberation of concentration camps.
Why is it important to understand and remember the Holocaust?
Understanding and commemorating the Holocaust is critical for preventing similar crimes in the future. It gives important historical context while also serving as a reminder of the devastation caused by bigotry, hatred, and unbridled power.