Treasure Trove of Mexico: Unveiling the Splendorous Monuments 2023

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DNP
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Mexico is one of the world’s most popular vacation destinations for travelers from around the world. This country  has some of the most famous historical sites in Mexico.   More than 20 million foreign visitors visit Mexico each year. 

Mexico City is the capital of Mexico that is not short on monuments and statues paying homage to the revolutionary past actors, singers and writers, there are literally hundreds and too many to name in detail in this guide.

While we’ve narrowed it down to just 15 of the best, Paseo de la Reforma, La Alameda Central and Palacio de Bellas Artes are key areas to check out in their entirety if you’re a fan of statues or monuments.

1. Angel of Liberty

The Angel of Independence  is most commonly known by the shorter name El Angel. It is officially known as Monumento a la Independencia. This is the Victory Column at the roundabout on the main thoroughfare of Paseo de la Reforma in downtown Mexico City. 

The Angel of Independence is located on Paseo de la Reforma, one of Mexico City’s largest and most important avenues. While the Paseo is lined with all manner of statues, the 118-foot-tall Ángel is undeniably the star of the allegorical show, making it a must-see if you’re on a tour of the city’s statues and monuments.

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 It is also the site of some of the city’s largest annual Independence Day celebrations, commemorating the 100th anniversary of the date it was built, originally opened in 1910.

2. Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza is one of the most visited monuments in  Mexico  and the largest of the Mayan cities in the Yucatan Peninsula. The temple-pyramid of El Castillo is the most famous site in Mexico. The structure of the temple has unique astronomical significance.

 Other highlights of Chichen Itza include the Great Ballcourt and El Caracol, a circular temple that served as an astronomical observatory.

3. Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan,  the most famous historical site in Mexico  , is forty-two meters high and eighteen thousand square meters at the base. He is most impressed by the large square at his base. And because you have to walk down the Avenue of the Dead to get there, give it a mystery of its own. 

If you get close to the pyramid and climb as high as you can, it feels very exciting because there are not as many tourists as the Pyramid of the Sun, so it is easier to get in touch with the environment.

4. Palenque

Palenque,  Mexico Popular Monument  Located in southern Mexico, Palenque is a Mayan city whose ruins date back to 100 BC, although its name derives more recently from a nearby village. The ancient name of the city was Lakam, which means “big water”, because of its numerous springs and vast cascades.

 Palenque flourished in the 7th century and declined and fell around 800. After its decline, it was covered by jungle but ongoing excavations and restoration work have made it one of the most famous archaeological sites in Mexico.

5. Uxmal

Along with Tikal and Chichen Itza, Uxmal best represents Maya architecture. The name is thought to mean “thrice bound”, although it has been suggested that it derives from the word uchmal, which refers to the future.

 Although a great deal of work has been done on Uxmal – and is actually still being done – little is known about the city. It is believed to have been founded around 500 AD and most of its development took place between 700 – 1000 AD when it became a prosperous city and a religious center of great ceremonial importance.

6. Monte Alban

Founded by the Zapotec, Monte Albán, in the Oaxaca Valley in 500 BC,  the oldest monument in Mexico  was one of the first cities in the Americas to become the main center of government and to exert a significant influence on the development of art. and science.

 It reached its height in the Classical period 350 – 550 AD. Around 800 AD the city began to lose its power to cities such as the Mixtecs and Mitla, and by 850 AD the soil around Monte Alban ran out and the city was virtually deserted. 

In later years, it became a sacred site for the Mixtecs who would visit it but not occupy it, although considering it a sacred place they would bury their dead there, and many tombs have been found and can be exhibited. Seen at the on-site museum.

7. Kaaba

Kabah,  an important historical landmark in Mexico  Located 18 km south of Uxmal and connected to it by a 5-meter-wide elevated walkway with monumental arches at each end is the town of Kabah.

 The connection between the two sites shows its importance. It is believed that Kaaba and Uxmal were enemies in the early days, but eventually they became friends and Kaaba became the second most important city after Uxmal.

8. Mitla

The archaeological site of Mitla,  Mexico is the cultural  center of the city that has grown up around the ruins. Nearby is the Church of San Pablo which was built in the 17th century by the Spanish using materials taken from the site. 

Mitla dates back to about 900 BC while the ruins seen today date from about 200 AD to 900 AD when the Zapotecs controlled the area. In 1000 AD the Mixtecs occupied the site until 1200 AD when the Zapotecs regained it.

9. Colon’s Monument

The monument to Christopher Columbus, one of Mexico City’s  most famous statues, invents a new world of popular history, to say the least. Monumento a Colón is also located on Paseo de la Reforma.

 Designed in Paris by Enrique Cordier, first unveiled in 1877. Monumento a Colón is also a must-see statue the next time you’re in the capital, now a symbol of Mexico City.

10. Templo Mayor

Templo Mayor was a temple in the Aztec capital in what is now Mexico City. It  is considered among the historical sites in Mexico  . In fact, much of Mexico City was built on Tenochtitlan, but some of the original sites remain, known as the Templo Mayor, which was the most important building in the city. Now one

A popular tourist destination, the site houses a museum filled with Aztec artifacts found during excavations.

11. Koplita

Copalita,  a famous monument in Mexico, stands  on a cliff overlooking the sea, ten miles from Huatulco. Its name derives from the large amount of copal found in the area. 

Copal is a tree resin used as incense in ceremonies, a common substance found in Mesoamerican cultures. The site’s oldest remains date back to 2,500 years ago, from the time of the Zapotecs.

 In fact, the only site built by the ocean on Mexico’s Pacific coast and the first Zapotec archaeological site discovered in the Huatulco area.

12. Chachoben

The monuments of Chacoban,  Mexico are  located just south of the Riviera Maya and an hour’s drive from the Costa Maya. Its name means “place of red corn”, derived from a nearby village, the origin of which is unknown. 

It is believed that the site was abandoned and reoccupied several times, and it is known that most of the structures on the site were altered or restored several times, especially from 300 – 360 AD, although the buildings in the main groups can date from 700 AD to the present day. Check the date.  
So far, we have  discussed the famous monuments in Mexico, which contains the  proper information about all the major monuments in Mexico. 

I hope you enjoyed reading this article and if you want to know more about Mexico, please go to our other articles that will help you gain knowledge about Mexico.

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